Salt Flats

Guide to Bolivia’s Otherworldly Salt Flats

Tucked away in Bolivia’s southern region is the incredible salt flat of Uyuni (Salar De Uyuni). This white desert of salt stretches as far as the eye can see, and then some more. The Uyuni Salt Flat is the largest of its kind in the world, with over 10,000 square km of impossibly flat and white collection of prehistoric minerals. For comparison, that’s the size of the Netherlands! These are without a doubt Bolivia’s most popular tourist attraction and thousands of people visit yearly to take photos of themselves as giants stepping on their tiny friends, or standing on water as it reflects the clouds in the sky (during the rainy season).

I visited as a part of my Peru and Bolivia trip and it was the ultimate highlight. The variety of landscapes during my 3 day/2 night tour was incredible and I found it to be even more impressive than Machu Picchu.

Uyuni salt flats
The never ending salt flats of Uyuni


Salt Flat Tour Locations

All tours of the salt flats essentially follow the same itinerary. There are three “popular routes” depending on which city you begin the trip in. The tour covers the southwest of Bolivia and borders Chile and Argentina. The following tours are the popular options:

  • Uyuni to Uyuni/San Pedro de Atacama: Duration – 3 days. Begin tour in Uyuni with the option of ending in Uyuni or ending in San Pedro de Atacama (for those traveling onwards to Chile).
  • San Pedro de Atacama to Uyuni: Duration – 4 days. For travelers starting the tour in Chile
  • Tupiza to Uyuni: Duration – 4 days. For travelers coming north from Argentina.
Salt flat tour map
Salt flat tour itinerary from one of the tour operators

Getting to Uyuni

There are essentially two ways to get to Uyuni; flight, or bus. All options depart from the capital city of La Paz.

La Paz to Uyuni Bus:

For those that have time to spare, the 10 hour bus ride from La Paz to Uyuni is a nice option. There are a few bus companies that make this journey, with varying degrees of comfort and price. The most popular bus company is definitely Todo Tourismo, geared towards backpackers. This bus has all the amenities you could ask for on a long bus ride like big lay flat seats, movies, and even wifi! The price for the bus is 300 bolivianos ($43) one-way. Although I did not take the bus, I met loads of people that did and the ones that took it during the day all raved about the incredible scenery along the way.

La Paz to Uyuni Flight:

The flight from La Paz to Uyuni is 45 minutes. Amaszonas and BOA (Boliviana de Aviancion) are the only two airlines that fly this route. There are multiple flights per day, including an early morning flight at 7am that arrives in Uyuni by 8am. This means it’s early enough to join a salt flat tour that same day. After reading many horror stories on Amaszonas, I still ended up taking my chances and flew with them anyways as they were the cheaper option. I paid 500 Bolivianos/$75 for a one way flight.

Amaszonas plane
Amaszonas airplane in the Uyuni airport

For only $30 more than the bus, I think it’s always worth it to fly! Make sure to book tickets directly on Amaszonas website for the best fares!

How many days for the Salt Flats?

Uyuni is a big tourism centered town. The main attraction is of course the amazing Salt Flats. There are a few other day excursions like visiting the mines (which I heard was actually quite cool) but largely, people come here for the Salt Flats. There are day trip options but the huge majority go for the 3day/2 night tour (there are 1 day, 2 day, and 4 day tours as well).

ALL tours follow the same itinerary, visiting the same places at the same times. There are probably a hundred different tour companies that offer the exact same tour and they will all try to sell how their tours are unique, or how they provide more. It’s mostly untrue. The tours all follow the same schedule. One reason is because if you’re in the middle of absolutely nowhere and on your own, you would be totally screwed if your car broke down.

Cars breaking down Uyuni
One of the cars broke down and at least a dozen cars stopped to lend a hand. Also, it let us admire the view and stretch our legs

The tours are all group tours (usually with 4-6 people per tour) including the guide and driver. Fitting 8 people in one of the 4x4s is very uncomfortable. We only had 5 guests (plus a guide and driver) and it was feasible. I’d highly recommend shopping around and seeing how many people would be on your tour beforehand.

Red Lagoon
Doing only the day tour doesn’t allow you time to see the other truly amazing sights on the multiple night tour, like the Red Lagoon in the Eduardo Avaroa park in the south

Cost of Salar de Uyuni tours

Like most popular tours in 3rd world countries, there is a huge price range of what tour operators can charge you for this tour. For the most part, a 3d/2n tour with an English speaking guide will cost between $150-200 per person. For Spanish speaking guides, the price comes down and you’re looking at between $100-150 per person. As we were time strapped, we booked our tour beforehand which turned out to be a more expensive approach. We met travelers that came to Uyuni the night before and just went door to door shopping for the best rate. The cheapest price I heard of was 600 bolivianos!

The cost of the tour includes all accommodation, all food, and all transport. There are a few park entrance fees that are not included (but not much). Even at $200, I think it’s a great deal. Bolivia is known as the least expensive country in South America after all! Most places don’t accept credit card so prepare to bring cash (either bolivianos or dollars) and there are many ATMs in Uyuni.

How to choose your Salar De Uyuni tour company

Again, the Salar De Uyuni tours are largely all standardized. Some operators will attempt to sell you on extra things like better food or bigger beds, but the tour itineraries are all the same in the end. Nevertheless, there are a few things to consider:

  • How many people are there in the car? – the less, the better, of course, but it is usually 6 people + driver.
  • Does the driver speak English? – We had a driver AND an English speaking guide. This means the tour costs more as we need to pay the guide as well.
  • Where does the tour end? – do you want to end in Uyuni or San Pedro de Atacama? You can always decide, even at the very last minute.
  • Is the entrance to the National park included? – Usually, it’s not. It’s an extra 200 bolivianos worth of national park entrance fees throughout the tour

Most tours consist of a driver and a guide. Some Spanish speaking tours will have a driver that doubles as a guide. For the most part, there is no “cooking” that is actually done on the tours. The tour operators have long negotiated with the guest houses to provide lunchtime meals for your group so all they have to do is just heat it up.

Salt flat accommodation options

The accommodation options are basic dorm-style guesthouses. They call them “salt hotels”, as parts of the building are indeed made of salt, but it’s really just someone’s house that has been turned into dorm style accommodations. There is no heating, wifi, and only some places have hot showers. Most places have a place to charge your phones and cameras.

Salt hotel Uyuni
The common area of one of our salt hotels

It can and will get cold at night as there is no heating, but they provide ample blankets. The tour operators will also offer you sleeping bags for rent, and this came in really handy on the second night of the tour as it was freezing.

What to pack for the Salt Flats

For the 3 day Uyuni tour, you’ll be taken through a huge array of different landscapes and temperatures. As the salt flats are high in altutide (3500m – 4500m) and extremely dry, the days are comfortable as the sun keeps temperatures reasonable but the nights are absolutely FREEZING. Winter is the dry season and temperatures can get to 20c during the day but can plummet to -30c at night! During the summer months, the days can reach 35c but the nights are still cold at below freezing temps.

What to pack Uyuni
Me totally underdressed freezing my ass off early in the morning

Essential packing list

  • Good sunglasses – This is KEY for the salt flats. The white salt reflects the sun like crazy and it was hard to open my eyes without sunglasses
  • Sunscreen
  • Gloves
  • Towels
  • Camera, charger, and extra batteries
  • Water (4L per person)
  • Cash for the entrance fees and alcohol
  • Toilet Paper
  • Warm socks
  • Sleeping Bag (Can rent from tour operator at the beginning of the tour)

The town of Uyuni

Everything I read about Uyuni was that it was a town with nothing to see and strictly a place to get in and get out after seeing the salt flats. I pictured it to be some sort of ghost town in the middle of a desert. I was pleasantly surprised. There are multiple markets and loads of decent local style food in Uyuni (of course, there are also overpriced tourist places selling pizzas and burgers). While I didn’t spend any extra time in Uyuni, I don’t think it would have been the end of the world if I did.

Uyuni tourism
Uyuni tourist block early in the morning

For those that want nothing to do with Uyuni, it’s possible to fly from La Paz to Uyuni the day of the tour, and join a tour departing the same day. The tour finishes around 5pm on the 3rd day, and you can fly out that same night so to never spend a night in Uyuni. The airlines specifically designed the flights for this purpose. This is what we did, and we still had a few hours the morning of, and the night after the tour ended to explore a bit of the town.

Saltenas Uyuni
My favorite thing about Uyuni was this nice old lady selling Bolivian Saltenas, a staple of their cuisine. Absolutely delicious and essential for the morning

Salt Flats Tour – Day One

We left our hotel in La Paz around 5:30am for our 7am flight to Uyuni. Amaszonas was on time, with comfortable and new jets. The flight was less than an hour, on time, and had beautiful views.

From the airport, our tour operator was already waiting for us. The drive into town is only 5 minutes and we were dropped off at the tour office. After making our payment, meeting our guide, and getting all the formalities sorted, we had a few hours to kill before the tour started at 10:30am. We took this time to stock up on water, ending up with 10L for two people. I also took this time to buy socks just in case I might freeze to death on the second night.

Uyuni salt flats 4x4
Packing up the car for our 3 day, 2 night tour to the Salt Flats!

As we had just arrived in Bolivia the night before, I needed to try the famous Bolivian saltenas, a soft oven-baked empanada with meat and juices inside. We found loads of people selling them in carts and they were indeed delicious. Highly recommended.

Cementerio de Trenes

First stop on the trip is the old Train Cemetery right outside of Uyuni. A ghost town of sorts, this place is a large collection of 19th century locomotives dating back to the days when train transport was king in Bolivia. Over time, train travel was abandoned and somehow this area turned into a graveyard of sorts for obsolete technology.

Cementerio de Trenes
Arriving at the Cementerio de Trenes!

Nowadays, it’s a playground for tourists with all train equipment in tact including swings and see-saws. Oh, and it’s also an amazing spot for a photo!

Uyuni Salt Flats – Salar De Uyuni

From the train cemetery, it was time to go to the ever so famous Uyuni Salt Flats. It is not far from the town of Uyuni, and can be easily done as a day trip as well. These are the largest salt flats in the world by far, at the size of the Netherlands.

Salt flats entry
Arriving at the Salt flats!

We stopped for lunch at a hotel completely made from salt. Lunch was alpaca steaks and quinoa. As far as tour food goes, this actually wasn’t that bad. The steak was totally overcooked but it was still doable.

Alpaca lunch uyuni
Lunch in the Uyuni salt flat hotel, alpaca style

After lunch, we made our way deeper into the salt flats to take those iconic depth and perception photos that have made the salt flats world famous. The Uyuni salt flats are incredible. Honeycomb shaped salt as far as the eyes can see, so white and so bright that your eyes are forced to squint. The salt crystals are extra salty too so just in case you forgot to bring salt with you on the trip!

Salar de Uyuni
Salt flats photos fun!

We stopped for at least 40 minutes to take our photos. We had a lot of fun getting our optical illusion shots. To take the best photos, it all depends on the pedigree of the person taking photos. Thankfully, your driver/guide will have done this hundreds of times and know how to get the best pictures.

How to take photos salt flats
To take the best photos in the Salt Flats, you need to get on your stomach, endure the jagged salt rocks, and play around with the camera until you can see exactly the picture you want. It’s quick to figure out. This photo looks ridiculous, but the end result is something like this:
Salt flats depth photo
Stepping on little people in the salt flats

I could have stayed here for another hour but we had an itinerary to follow and the next spot was even more amazing.

Reflective Salt Flats (Rainy season only, Jan-Apr)

In addition to the iconic all white photos of the Salt Flats, the other equally as famous photos are the impossibly reflective ground where a person looks like they are walking on water as the clouds are reflected below them. These photos are only possible during the rainy season (Dec-Apr) where the salt flats are actually flooded and a light layer of water covers the salt. It’s worth a visit back to the salt flats just for this reason alone!

Salt flats wet season
This is what the salt flats look like in the wet season, as if you were walking on water. Completely different and even more incredible in my mind.


Isla Incahusi

This was one of my favorite spots on the trip. Located deep into the expansive salt flats is an “island” with thousands of giant cacti. It’s absolutely strange to see a rock island in the middle of the salt flats. There’s an entrance fee to be paid here but it’s 110% worth it. It’s an easy hike to the top of this rock island but the views are out of this world. Surrounded by giant cacti, looking out to the never ending white salt ocean is something I won’t soon forget.

Isla Incahuasi
Isla Incahuasi and endless cacti
Isla Incahuasi cactus
View from the top of Isla Incahuasi
Isla Incahuasi views
Salt flat views from the top of Isla Incahuasi!

Sunset in the Salt Flats

Shortly after Isla Incahuasi, our driver took us away from the crowds so we could enjoy the sunset over the salt flats.

salt flat sunset
Sunset over the Salt Flats

After spending some time here, our driver drove us to a secluded spot in the salt flats to enjoy the sunset over a mountain. We saw a small town at the base of the mountain and it turns out some local people actually live in the salt flats. That’s a tough life no doubt. It’s freezing at night, NOTHING grows in a ground made of salt, and they’re close to nothing. The one upside is they will never have a shortage of salt.

Salt flat sunset
Crazy colors, and the moon is coming out.

Night 1 – Salt Hotel around Uyuni

We got to our accommodations shortly after sunset. When I first read “salt hotel” in the itinerary, I wasn’t getting my hopes up but I had in mind something just a tiny bit more extravagant. I would hardly call the place we stayed a “hotel”. Basic dorm would be a better word! There were a dozen rooms in this house/dorm, with the common area as our dining area for dinner. Three other salt flat tours stayed at the same hotel and we all ate dinner together.

Salt hotel
The outside of the salt hotel in the morning

It was crafted with salt, and the ground was sand, giving it somewhat of a rustic vibe. There is no wifi here, or anywhere on the tour for that matter, but there are charging ports for the cameras, and a shower (with hot water option for a fee).

Salt Hotel
The rooms at the Salt hotel

Our dinner was pretty good for being out in the middle of nowhere. Chicken, quinoa, soup, and vegetables were on the menu. After dinner, there wasn’t much to do besides sleep or drink. So we chose the latter. We sampled all the Bolivian beers: Pacena, Potosi, and Huari, along with some wines. Some of the beers were surprisingly good, especially the Huari. Wine is grown locally as well in the mountain regions bordering Argentina.

We finished the night, or should I say, the night was finished because of a bottle of Singani we drank between us. Singani is the national drink, akin to Peruvian Pisco.

Dinner salt hotel uyuni
Dinner is served!

The first night was not that cold. They hotel provided us ample amounts of thick wool blankets where I could sleep without worrying about being cold! No sleeping bag was needed.

Salt Flats Tour – Day Two

The second day started early around 7:30am. We had a full day of sight seeing ahead of us as we would visit numerous lagoons, parks, deserts, mountains. It really was sensory overload. We drove through one amazing landscape after another. Salt Flats would turn to mountains, mountains would turn to desert, desert would turn to marshland, marshland would turn back into mountains.

Old Train Tracks

train track uyuni
Taking a break on the train tracks

This is seriously some of the most beautiful landscapes on Earth. We cruised through the martian lconandscapes with our drivers obsessive 80s playlist blasting on repeat. I swear, something about Bolivian drivers and 80s music, but whatever gets them going. The tour starts from Uyuni and heads south towards the border of Bolivia and Chile.

We started the day with a visit to old train tracks. Paired with the depth illusion of the salt flats and mountains, this made for cool photos.

Chiguana Desert

Bolivia salt flat
A little bit of the scenery as we left the Salt flats

We then started our long drive south until we arrived in the Chiguana Desert. From here, we had great views of the Tunupa volcano, one of the largest volcanoes in South America. The landscapes by this point had completely changed, which I suppose is only natural as there’s few places like the Uyuni salt flats in the world! Instead, the roads were hilly, shrubs of deciduous plant life dotted the horizon, and giant mountains surrounded us. It was also colder at this point as we were also climbing in elevation (the tour starts at 3700m, and ends near 4500m).

salt flats uyuni
One of the many lagoons we stopped at with salt and flamingos

Next on the list were stops to various lagoons. Crazy to imagine such large bodies of water at 4000m! They were all filled with flamingos as the water is teeming with algae.

lagoon salt flats
Another Lagoon in the Salt flats
Lunch Uyuni salt flats
Lunch with a view!

Desert of Siloli

Siloli desert
Ever changing landscapes of Bolivia. Just beautiful

After lunch, we proceeded further south to the big desert of Siloli. The landscape was changing still to a more barren, sandy, desert-like wasteland. In this desert is the famous Arbol de Piedra, essentially a large rock formation that resembles a tree. It’s surrounded by other rock formations that form all shapes and sizes. I’ve seen similar things in the Saharabut this place paired with the amazing landscape is something not to be missed.

Arbol de piedra Uyuni
Arbol de piedra. Pretty cool looking rock
Siloli desert
Fun sculpture park like place in the desert.

Red Lagoon – Eduardo Avaroa Reserve

At this point, it was already getting late in the afternoon and I was already getting overwhelmed by amazing. I had seen so many things already and my camera was about to die. Thinking the day was almost over, we had one final stop as we entered the Eduardo Avaroa National Reserve, the Red Lagoon.

Red Lagoon Eduardo Avaroa
The red lagoon is nothing short of amazing. There’s everything you could think of here.

I thought I had seen some amazing things already but this place blew everything else away. This Red Lagoon, or known as Laguna Colorada, was by far the largest lagoon we saw. The water is blanketed by red algae giving it a red-maroonish tint, which paired with the stunning mountain backdrop, salt platform, flamingos, and cacti, made this place absolutely picture perfect. The contrast was just so incredible. I wish I could have stayed near this place as I could have spent an entire day just looking at it.

Guanaco uyuni
There’s also wild Llama’s called Guanaco’s in this park.

Night 2 – Freezing in my sleep

Our accommodation the second night was of similar fashion to the first night; basic dorm style houses where I think the locals actually live full time? Frankly, I have no idea how anyone survives out here. It is TOUGH living. There’s literally nothing here, you’re at 4000m+, and it’s freezing. The second night was far colder than the first. As soon as the sun went down, temperatures were near freezing.

By 10pm, it was well below freezing (in July-Aug, it can reach -30). There’s no heating and no hot showers here. I actually slept in my pants here as it was bone chilling cold. The sleeping bag I rented came in handy for night two.

Salt Flats Tour – Day Three

After a long and cold night, we woke up at 5am so we could catch the sunrise over the geysers. It was tough getting up. My body had already warmed up to the four layers of blankets covering me making it that much more difficult to embrace the still sub-zero temperatures of the house. However, the plan for the third day was to visit the “Sol Manana” Geysers and have an early morning dip in the hot springs.

Geysers Bolivia
Freezing my ass off early in the morning next to the geysers

Sol Manana Geysers

I’d highly recommend skipping breakfast. We voted as a group to have breakfast after the geysers and hotsprings which turned out to be the best of decisions. We got to the geysers right as the sun was rising and were the only people there. I’ve seen geysers before, and much larger ones at that in Yellowstone National park but it’s the landscape of Bolivia that makes the experience here. It felt like we were on a different planet as we walked around the geysers blowing up one after another.

Geyser bolivia
Crazy landscapes here

Hot Springs

Hotspring Salt flats
First ones in!!

As soon as the first cars started arriving, we made a break for the hotsprings. What a great choice. We were the first people here! After freezing all night and all morning, words can’t begin to describe how amazing it felt to jump into this natural hotspring. We even bought a bottle of wine for the occasion to celebrate an amazing 3 days. Red wine for breakfast? Why not?

Toasting with early morning red wine to an amazing trip in the hotsprings!

After almost an hour spent in the hotsprings, other tour-goers started to flood in and it was our queue to leave. We had our breakfast shortly and left. The effects of the hotspring left me feeling warm for the rest of the day despite the still near freezing temperatures.

Hotspring Uyuni crowd
The chaos 1 hour later

Laguna Verde – Green lagoon

Last stop on the trip was the Green lagoon! This place, like the Red Lagoon, is famous for its water that is tinted a shade of green from arsenic and other minerals.

green lagoon bolivia
The beautiful Green Lagoon.

At this point, we drove to the Bolivia-Chilean border. It’s here that we dropped off two of my fellow tour goers as they continued their tour into Chile and to San Pedro de Atecama.

Bolivia Chile border san pedro de atacama
The border crossing between Bolivia and Chile. Super small and basic

From the border, we drove straight back to Uyuni, making a few rest stops along the way, arriving in town by 5pm. We had plenty of time before our evening flight on Amaszonas back to La Paz.

Uyuni Salt flats
One last stop at a park with large rocks whose name escapes me.

All in all, this three day tour around southern Bolivia was one of the best tours I’ve ever done. I actually felt Bolivia was more spectacular than Peru after this trip and I will definitely come back to the salt flats during the rainy season!


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    • Hi Joanna, I went with Andes Salt Expeditions for my tour. But then again, all the tours are pretty much the same so just shop around for the best price!